Moche Route Highlights: Royal Tombs of Sipan and Huaca Rajada
On a recent trip to Peru’s north, I visited some of the most significant historical sites. None capture the imagination more than the Royal Tombs of Sipan Museum, near Chiclayo (a one-hour flight north of Lima). This well-designed, modern museum houses the remains of the Lord of Sipan, a revered warrior priest from the Mochica era, whose vast collection of treasures and trinkets are on display in the permanent exhibition.
Huaca Rajada – the tomb of the Lord of Sipan
My day began with a visit to the Huaca Rajada, the tomb in which the Lord of Sipan was discovered back in 1987 by local archeologist Dr. Walter Alva. This site is located just outside the village of Sipan, in a dry, dusty valley, about 30 minutes overland from the main city of Chiclayo. Upon arrival, we made a short stop to take in the site museum, which, although not essential as part of the visit, at least provided a respite from the scorching sun overhead.
The burial chambers
Continuing onwards, we walked along towards the archaeological site, where we encountered the first of the burial chambers. As all of the original relics have long since been excavated and taken for research or put on display in the museums, replica skeletons, mummies and other artifacts have been set out within the tombs to recreate how they would have looked when first uncovered. Our wonderful local guide, Rocio, who was herself a practicing archeologist, explained how each of the 3 pyramids contained a total 14 separate tombs and chambers, each designated in relations to hierarchy and importance. The sites date back to as far back as 100AD, over 1,000 years before the rise of the Inca Empire. The discovery of the site was made all the more impressive given that the tomb itself was completely intact, untouched by local Huaceros (grave robbers) who must have been kicking themselves the day that all of the riches were exposed. All in all, the visit to Huaca Rajada took a little over 1 hour, and following a brief stop to quench our thirst, we headed back towards Chiclayo excited to see the main treasures on display at the Royal Tombs Museum.
The Royal Tombs of Sipan Museum
The Royal Tombs of Sipan Museum opened its doors back in 2002 under the direction of Dr. Alva, and now annually attracts well over 1 million visitors, the majority of whom are Peruvian locals and nationals who come to learn more about the rich culture of their ancestors. Because of the lack of international visitors, written descriptions on exhibits are only offered in Spanish, but guides are on hand to offer translations. In order to maintain security and to protect the exhibits from excessive sunlight, visitors are not permitted to bring cameras inside the museum, and all electronic devices must be left outside in a safety deposit.
View itinerary Highlights of Northern Peru
A Moche Pyramid Museum
The first thing I noticed about Royal Tombs Museum in Lambayaque was its extraordinary edifice. Harkening to the pre-Inca past, the building is a striking reconstruction of a Moche pyramid. The museum is without doubt up there among the best in Peru, if not the whole of Latin America. The extensive exhibition displays a staggering amount of ancient artifacts, including decorative ceramics, elaborate textiles and ornate gold and silver jewelry. Alongside all of the treasures and handicrafts lies the skeleton of the Lord of Sipan, the old Lord of Sipan, and many other guards, priests and servants, all of whom are in varied states of preservation. My personal favorites, however, were the depictions of the various Moche gods in gold and other precious metals. The crab god and the octopus god were particular standouts, with their beady red and blue eyes popping out of their multi-appendaged forms. They were like pre-Inca comic book heroes, decked out in archaeological finery.
Dr Walter Alva – Insider Access Peru
The collection and visits to the two sites made for a thoroughly fascinating day. It is easy to see why many historians regard Dr. Alva’s discovery as one of the most important archeological finds of recent times. I even had the opportunity to meet Dr. Alva following my visit of the Museum (a special encounter that Aracari can arrange for guests on request). Since the museum and site are both peppered with pictures of the famed Dr. Alva as a young archaeologist excavating the tombs, it felt like having a backstage pass to meet a rock star of the archaeological world. Dr. Alva is a reserved man who speaks only Spanish, but he will passionately answer any niche archaeology question guests may have. Best of all, he is still a practicing archaeologist; his passion has not faded with age. Dr Walter Alva can meet with guests on special request – see our specialists.
A Highlight of the Northern Moche Route
The Royal Tombs may not draw the same crowds as Machu Picchu, but when surrounded by the expansive collection and hardworking staff, it’s hard not the feel the weight of its historical importance. With many lesser known historical sites to explore in the area, the North Coast serves as a worthwhile extension to any Peru itinerary, or indeed as a destination of its own.
Visiting The Royal Tombs of Sipan and Huaca Rajada
Peru’s Northern Coast is a goldmine for intrepid globetrotters and archaeology enthusiasts alike. Stretching along the Pacific coastline, the region boasts sunny weather year-round, the best beaches in the country, world-class museums and an array of fascinating archeological sites. The Northern Coast is an ideal destination for travelers looking to explore the beyond the classic tourist trail, get away from the crowds and delve more deeply into the rich archaeological legacies that have earned Peru international renown.
The Royal Tombs of Sipan and Huaca Rajada can be visited as part of our private Moche Route itinerary, Highlights of Northern Peru, which leads guests through the best archaeological sites in the North of Peru.
Contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org for more details about booking this itinerary extension to see the Lord of Sipan for yourself!